We are currently not accepting applications for Brazil due to a suspension on adoptions in the region we work in. Please see our blog for updates.
All adoptions from Brazil will be done in accordance with the Hague Treaty on Intercountry Adoption. The first step in adoption from Brazil is to build a dossier that meets the requirements of the prospective adoptive family’s home state, the US government and the government of Brazil. The documents in the dossier go through several stages of certification and authentication so that they can ultimately be used as the legal framework for the adoption process. This stage is referred to as the “paper-chase” and normally takes 4-6 months to finish. This includes the home study process and completing paperwork with USCIS. Once the dossier is completed it is forwarded to America World where our staff carefully reviews it to ensure accuracy. Once approved, America World forwards your dossier to a licensed translation service and following the translation the dossier is sent to the appropriate adoption authorities in Brazil. At this time, you are in the second stage of the adoption process: The waiting stage. During this time the court in Brazil and the adoption authority, CEJA, will review the dossier carefully (this takes about four months). Once CEJA approves the dossier, they will seek to make a referral match for the family. The length of time it takes to make a referral match for a family depends largely upon the child request the family submits. When families receive a referral, it usually includes pictures, social history information, biographical information and a medical profile.
Receving a referral moves families to the next stage of the adoption process. When families receive a referral, they have the ability to review it, consult independent specialists, and then accept or reject the referral. Once a family accepts a referral there is more paperwork to complete with the US government. Following this, families are sent a letter from CEJA allowing them to get the appropriate adoption visas that they’ll need to travel to Brazil to complete their adoption. Families should plan on being in Brazil for about 40 days. The travel portion is quite lengthy as it includes a required thirty day guardianship period within Brazil. Following the guardianship period, families finalize the adoption within Brazil. After the Brazilian adoption is finalized, families get the necessary paperwork to travel to Rio de Janiero and process visas through the US Consulate. Upon arriving to the United States, the adopted children become US citizens. Why are these children orphaned and what are their living conditions?
Like in the United States, there are lots of reasons why children are no longer able to live with their birth parents; these reasons can include poverty, HIV/AIDS, drug addictions, incarceration, abuse, etc.. Also like the United States, many children available for adoption have birth parents whose parental rights have been terminated. The amount of information about a child’s birth family can vary, though all information our agency receives is given to the adoptive parents. Most children available for adoption reside in an orphanage. Living conditions and the caregiver-to-child ratio at orphanages can vary greatly from orphanage to orphanage. Only children that aren’t placed domestically for adoption within Brazil are available for international adoption.